index

Transport and Communication

Roads, transportation and telecommunication networks have a significant impact on socialization and modernization. Three indicators have been considered to portray the level of development of the transport and communication sector in a district; road mileage per 100 Sq. Km of geographical area, availability of public and private transport and vehicles, and the number of telephone and internet connections per one hundred thousand persons. These indicators, depicted in Exhibit 2.4.1, are estimated from the latest published data of the provincial Development Statistics.

Exhibit 2.4.1

Indicators of Communication [2011-12]

 

 

 

Numbers

 

 

Per One Hundred

 

 

 

 

 

 

Thousand Population

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Number of Connections

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Landline

 

1,885

 

 

290

 

 

V-Phone

386

 

60

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Broadband

 

3, 002

 

 

470

 

Road Kilometers

 

Kilometers

 

Per ’000’

 

 

 

Square Kilometers

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Black Topped

 

885

 

 

177

 

 

Shingle

648

 

129.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

1,533

 

 

306.6

 

Motor Vehicles Registered

 

Numbers

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Public Service Vehicles

 

103

 

 

 

 

 

Private Vehicles

6,035

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Government Goods Vehicles

 

90

 

 

 

 

 

Private Goods Vehicles

501

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Others

 

216

 

 

 

 

 

Total Vehicles

6945

 

 

 

 

Source: Development Statistics of Balochistan, 2012-13

 

 

 

 

 

 

The table reveals that about 290 and 60 persons out of one lakh (one hundred thousand) population were connected with PTCL landlines and V-Phones respectively during the year 2011-12. About 3002 broadband connections are also reported which is equivalent to 470 persons per one lakh population.

About 177 and 130 Km mettle (black topped) and Shingle road is available out of one thousand Km of geographical area respectively for about 7 thousand registered vehicles.

2.5 Population and Employed Labor Force

The characteristics of the employed force are important to understand the economic structure and potential of any region. This section provides information with respect to the distribution of the labor force into sectors, occupational groups and working status.

The population of district is projected using inter-census (1981-1998) growths rate. According to the Exhibit 2.5.1, the estimated current population of the district is about 6 lakh (0.6 million) with an average growth rate of about 3.5 percent per annum. Although population growth rates seem high, in the absence of any reliable reference this growth rate is used for projections. It is perhaps of interest to know that UNICEF has also used this growth rate while compiling Balochistan‟s district profiles2 for the year 2011. However, the report argues that “The projected statistics might be divergent from the real or current ground situations due to the existent of factors that were not present in the Census 1998. It could be factors such as: (i) The influx of Afghan refugees (ii) Exaggeration for political benefits (iii) Concealing of actual female numbers

2“Pishin – District Development Profile, 2011”, Planning and Development Department, Government of Balochistan.

 

in the rural areas, psychological effect due to illiteracy and lack of proper birth and death registration system”.

About 0.244 million persons are estimated as the active labor force by applying the crude activity rate of Balochistan.

Exhibit 2.5.1

Estimated Population

 

 

 

 

Overall

 

Urban

 

Rural

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1998

– Census

367,000

23,000

344,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2010

– Projected – UNICEF

 

 

559,000

 

35,000

 

524,000

 

2014

– Projected – Census Growth Rate 1981-998

643,000

40,000

603,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

Growth Rate (%) [1998-2014]

 

 

3.50%

 

3.46%

 

3.51%

 

Source: Estimated from District Census Report, 1998

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The distribution of employed labor force by major economic sectors is furnished in Exhibit 2.5.2. The table reveals that the service sector absorbs the majority of the labor force. About 49 percent of employment was recorded in this sector during 2012-13 (PSLM survey), whereas about 22 percent of the employed labor force work in the agriculture sector. The trade sector absorbs about 17 percent (40 in urban and 16 in rural) employed labor force. About 9 percent of the rural employed labor force is absorbed in the construction sector, while the mining sector provides employment to about 2 percent of the rural employed labor force.

Exhibit 2.5.2

Percentage of Employed Labor Force by Major Sectors [2012-13]

 

 

 

 

Overall%

 

Urban%

 

Rural%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Agriculture

20.52

2.52

21.52

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mining

 

 

2.33

 

0.00

 

2.46

 

Manufacturing

1.72

1.24

1.75

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Construction

 

 

8.81

 

0.00

 

9.30

 

Trade

17.32

39.91

16.07

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other Service Sectors

 

 

49.30

 

56.34

 

48.91

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: Estimated from Household Level Data of PSLM, 2012-13

Exhibit 2.5.3 reports distribution of the labor force into the major occupational groups. About 16 percent of the rural labor force is working in the occupational group „Skilled Agriculture and Fisheries Workers‟, while about 2 percent of the urban labor force is also reported in the same occupational group. About 2 percent of the labor is employed as craft and related trade workers.

Exhibit 2.5.3

Percentage of Employed Labor Force by Major Occupational Group [2012-13]

 

 

Overall%

 

Urban%

 

Rural%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Elementary (non-skilled workers)

27.87

50.86

26.59

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Clerks/Sales Workers

 

19.73

 

11.67

 

20.18

 

 

 

 

 

 

Skilled Agriculture and Fisheries Workers

15.48

2.50

16.20

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Craft and Related Trade Workers

 

2.23

 

4.14

 

2.13

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other

34.68

30.83

34.90

 

Source: Estimated from Household Level Data of PSLM, 2012-13

Wage employees constitute the largest group with respect to the work status of the employed labor force. According to Exhibit 2.5.4, about 51 percent and 59 percent of the labor force are working as employees. This is followed by the self-employed (own-account workers) group with an estimates of 47 percent and 23 percent for urban and rural areas respectively. Only 14 percent of owner cultivators in rural areas are evident from the table, while the sharecropper status is not reported for the district. The table also reveals that only one percent of the employed labor force is linked with the livestock profession.

Exhibit 2.5.4

Employment Status

[Percentage of Employed Persons, 2012-13]

 

 

Overall%

 

Urban%

 

Rural%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Employer

0.78

1.24

0.75

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Self Employed

 

24.90

 

47.66

 

23.64

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wage Employee

58.97

51.10

59.40

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Un-Paid Family Worker

 

0.00

 

0.00

 

0.00

 

 

 

 

 

 

Owner cultivator

13.74

0.00

14.50

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sharecropper

 

0.00

 

0.00

 

0.00

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contract cultivator

0.39

0.00

0.41

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Livestock

 

1.23

 

0.00

 

1.30

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: Estimated from Household Level Data of PSLM, 2012-13

2.6 Livelihood Sources

Sources of livelihood represent the economic base of the district. Various features of agriculture, livestock, mining and forestry are compiled in this section. District-wise manufacturing and fisheries data is not available.

The land utilization statistics in terms of cultivated, cropped and irrigated areas is furnished in Exhibit 2.6.1. Accordingly, the district shares are about 5 percent, 3 percent and 2 percent in the province respectively, while the share of geographical area is about 2 percent. As evident in the table, tube-wells are the major source of irrigation with about a 96 percent share in total irrigated areas.

Exhibit 2.6.1

Land Utilization Statistics [2011-12]

 

 

 

 

 

 

As percent of

 

 

 

 

Hectares

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

the Province

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Geographical Area

787,400

 

2.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cultivated Area

 

153,443

 

 

5.8

 

Cropped Area

29,468

 

2.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Irrigated Area

 

25,837

 

 

2.1

 

Sources of Irrigation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Canal

 

 

 

0.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wells

280

 

0.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tube Wells

 

24,703

 

 

3.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Karezes/Springs

854

 

2.6

 

Source: Development Statistics of Balochistan, 2012-13

 

 

 

 

 

 

Major crops in the district are shown in the Exhibit 2.6.2. With the largest share in the cropped area, wheat is sown on 8707 hectares. This is followed by Grape (8438 hectares) and Apple (5982 hectares). Other important fruits include; plum, pomegranate, musk melon and peach. Tomatoes and potatoes are also important crops among the vegetables.

16

 

 

District Profile Pishin

 

 

 

 

Exhibit 2.6.2

 

 

Area and Production of Major Crops – [2011-12]

 

 

Area

Production

 

[Hectares]

[‘00’ Tons]

Crops

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wheat

8,707

14,406

 

 

 

Grape

8,438

42,948

 

 

 

 

 

 

Apple

5,982

34,776

 

 

 

Apricot

1,053

3,721

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kharif Fodders

873

30,724

 

 

 

Tomato

573

4,603

 

 

 

 

 

 

Plum

484

2,583

 

 

 

Pomegranate

433

5,474

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cumin

355

211

 

 

 

Musk Melon

315

2,951

 

 

 

 

 

 

Potato

305

5,820

 

 

 

Peach

268

2,811

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rabbi Fodders

216

7,702

 

 

 

Barley

205

409

 

 

 

 

 

 

Water Melon

146

1,649

 

 

 

Sarda

131

1,166

 

 

 

 

 

 

Onion

127

2,316

 

 

 

Lady Finger

117

675

 

 

 

 

 

 

Garma

115

1,082

 

 

 

Note: Those crops are included which are sow on more than 100 hectares.

Source: Development Statistics of Balochistan, 2012-13

The numbers and share of agricultural machinery reflects the extent of the modernization of agriculture. This information is collated in Exhibit 2.6.3. Mainly tractors are reported in the agriculture machinery. About 36 tractors are available per one thousand cropped area, while the share of other machinery is insignificant.

Exhibit 2.6.3

Agriculture Machinery – [2011-12]

 

 

Numbers

 

As percent of ‘000’ cropped area

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tractors

1,069

36.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Threshers

 

155

 

5.3

 

 

 

 

 

Harvesters

0.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reapers

 

 

0.0

 

 

 

 

 

Bulldozers

19

0.6

 

Source: Development Statistics of Balochistan, 2012-13

Livestock is also an important source of livelihood in rural areas. Exhibit 2.6.4 displays the availability of various livestock per one thousand rural households. The table reveals that Goats, Sheep and Cattle are the major type of livestock in the district.

17

 

District Profile Pishin

 

Exhibit 2.6.4

 

 

 

 

Population of Livestock – [2011-12]

 

 

 

 

 

Numbers

 

 

Per thousand Rural

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Households

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cattle

126,992

 

1,389

 

 

 

 

 

 

Buffalo

 

1,592

 

 

17

 

Sheep

915,222

 

10,013

 

 

 

 

 

 

Goat

 

573,191

 

 

6,271

 

Camel

803

 

9

 

 

 

 

 

 

Horse

 

4,119

 

 

45

 

Mule

775

 

9

 

 

 

 

 

 

Asses

 

23,916

 

 

262

 

Poultry (Non-Commercial)

60,3816

 

6,606

 

Source: Development Statistics of Balochistan, 2012-13

In minerals, the production of chromite was only reported for the latest year (2011-12). The production of iron ore is available for the year 2009-10; however its production in the district is insignificant. This information was furnished in the Exhibit 2.6.5.

Exhibit 2.6.5

Mineral Production – [2011-12]

 

 

(Tons)

 

 

As a percent of

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

the Province

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chromite

60,922

 

56.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Iron Ore

 

191

 

 

0.00

 

Source: Development Statistics of Balochistan, 2012-13

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exhibit 2.6.6 reports the area under the control of the provincial Forest Department. The table reveals that the district has about 0.2 million acres of forest area which is about 7 percent of the provincial forest area.

Exhibit 2.6.6

Area Under the Control of the Forest Department – [2011-12]

 

 

Acres

 

 

As a percent of

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

the Province

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Coniferous

41,500

 

11.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scrub Forest

 

138,971

 

 

9.8

 

Total

180,471

 

6.5

 

Source: Development Statistics of Balochistan, 2012-13

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
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