index

Law and Order

The district of Pishin like others comprises of two main law enforcement agencies, the police and levies for controlling law and order. The levies are responsible for the police function in the rural areas and comprise of local tribesman. Most of the urban/town area is covered by police stations and the local levies are responsible for the rural areas.

3.1Background

The security and law and order situation was bad in previous years where kidnapping for ransom happened very frequently. This situation has now improved in the province as claimed by the CM Baluchistan3. Local people also confirm that the security situation has improved over the past year.

The newly elected government is paying full attention to peace and security in the district. The chief executive is the Deputy Commissioner. He directly supervises Levies Force, having more than 97 percent of the area under its control. The Police control the rest of the 3 percent of area, mainly based in cities. The Levies area is better protected as compared to that of the Police. Levies Force is a local force having local knowledge and understanding of local problems and crimes. They perform better when it comes to performance against crimes while, the Police is composed of less skilled people, mainly coming from outside the district or other provinces. They are not fully committed to their duty in the district4.

3.2 Law Enforcement Agencies

The area “A” which is normally the urban area is controlled by the Police Department, while the area “B” is under the control of Levies Force. Police is led by the District Police Officer (DPO) and Levies Force is under the direct command of DC.

Exhibit 3.2.1

Strength of the Law Enforcement Agencies (LEAs)

 

#

 

 

Agency/

 

 

Number of Personnel Deployed

 

 

Infrastructure

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Department

 

 

Male

Female

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

Police (Regular)

574

 

NA

 

1 Police Station

 

2

 

 

Levies

 

 

601

 

NA

 

 

7 Levies Stations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Levies Head Quarter

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

Frontier Corps

 

Pishin Scouts HQ at Chaman and Bolan

 

2 Wings

 

 

Scouts HQ at Muslim Bagh

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source:

Interview with a Journalist.

3.3 Judicial Infrastructure in Pishin

For provision of the judicial services, one district and session court, one Judicial Magistrate and one Juvenile court is available. The data about the High Court bench, Anti-terrorist court, Qazicourt, Majlis-e-Shoora and the Banking court could not be collected. There is 1 reported bar association with 32 elected members and 32 registered lawyers5.

3http://www.dawn.com/news/1149466

4Interview with a Journalist

District Development Profile Pishin 2011, Government of Baluchistan and UNICEF

19

 

District Profile Pishin

Jirga is the alternate dispute resolution mechanism working in the same form and shape as in the rest of the Pakhtoon dominant areas of Pakistan. People normally solve their minor issues through the Jirga but major issues always go to courts or badal (revenge) is sought in the case of murders.

Exhibit 3.3.1

Justice System in Pishin

 

#

 

 

Court

 

 

Justice System

 

Regulation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 District and Session Judge

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 Additional District and Session Judge

 

 

 

 

 

 

District and

 

1 Senior Civil Judge

 

 

 

1

 

 

1

Family Judge

 

Regular Laws

 

Session Court

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

Judicial Magistrates at Pishin HQ

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

Judicial Magistrate at Tehsil Karzat

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

Judicial Magistrate at Tehsil Barshore

 

 

 

Sources: District Development Profile Pishin 2011, Government of Baluchistan and UNICEF and Interview with a Local Journalist

3.4 Main Crimes in 2014

There are reports of various crimes; kidnapping for ransom, acid attacks and other crimes like snatching of motorbikes etc. All the news that comes out from Pishin is scattered and is not available in a tabulated form gathered at a certain central point. The Police Officials also refused to cooperate in this regard.

3.5 Current Reforms in Law and Order

There have been no reforms in the law and order set up observed during the recent years. The system runs as it has been running for the last decade. The local government system is in place, after the local government elections took place last year. The new local government and provincial government seems determined in taking steps to bring peace to district Pishin6.

3.6 Prisons

In District Pishin, no central jails and sub jails are available7.

6Interview with Local Journalist

7District Development Profile Pishin 2011, Government of Baluchistan and UNICEF

20

 

District Profile Pishin

4.0 Conflict Management

Given the sensitive nature of the Pashtun community, conflicts do arise among the people. These conflicts are mostly solved through a locally developed system known as nana wathi or Jirga. In this system, a group of people go to the house of the aggrieve person for reconciliation. Discussions take place and options are proposed for the disputed parties, with the desired option being adopted. The parties may consider penalizing the guilty, and sometimes forgiveness is also considered. Other than the local informal way, some conflicts are also resolved through the legal system in which the 1966 ordinance and Islamic laws of 1979 are followed.

4.1 Tribal Conflict and local Economy

Some of the major tribes in the districts are Kakar, Tarin, Syed and Achakzai. There are strong religious and cultural ties among the local tribes. Religion plays a particularly dominant role in social life. The strongest tribe in the district is Kakar. Though there aren‟t many conflicts among the tribes, if any happen, they are usually regarding land and children. Most of these conflicts are solved through the local Jirga system.

4.2 Background

District Pishin is one of those few districts of Balochistan where both Baloch separatists and TTP have no existence. All the 12 districts of Pakhtoon dominance have no separatist movements. This rids the area of a large problem. There are other crimes taking place and the law and order situation, during the government of the last Baloch government, under CM Raisani, was unsatisfactory.

The biggest crimes taking place in the district has been kidnappings for ransom and road side snatching of vehicles or motorbikes. There is no organized group in the district responsible for committing this crime. Most of the sources say that there are some drug addicted and criminal people of Killa Abdullah intruding into Pishin and committing these crimes.

The current government has improved the situation and according to reports the crimes have been decreased by more than half. The area is huge and the number of Police and Levies Forces is quite low. They also lack training, equipment, mobility and sometime they even have no funding for POL8.

4.3 Conflict Resolution

Mostly people tend to go to courts in conflicts of a bigger nature and scope. But in smaller conflicts, local Jirgas mediate and solve issues at the local level. In the case of murders in some disputes, people of Pishin believe in badal (revenge). Families or tribes first make the statistics equal and then sit to work out a deal outside courts9.

The Pakhtoon code of Jirga i.e. Pakhtoonwali is applied here as well. There are steps like ceasefire, Nanawathi and Sulh. Normally, elders of the area take an interest and bring the warring parties to table talks and mediate the discussions. Everything can be solved except murder. Murders always require badal10.

8This Section is Largely Benefited from an Interview with a Police Official.

9http://www.khyber.org/culture/a/Codes_of_Pakhtoonwali.shtml and Interview with a Local Journalist.

10Ibid.

21

 

District Profile Pishin

4.4 Tribal Orientation of District Pishin

Exhibit 4.4.1

Tribal Mapping

 

Main Tribe

 

 

Sub tribe

 

 

 

Tehsil (s)

 

 

Share % in total Population

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sanzarkhel

1.

Karzaat (100%)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kakar

 

Santia

 

 

2.

Barshore

50%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.

Pishin

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Targhri

4.

Saranan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Batayzai

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.

Pishin

 

 

 

 

Tarin

 

Alizai

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.

Hurumzai

20%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hikazai

 

 

3.

Saranan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Saimzai

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hurumzai

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.

Pishin

 

 

 

 

Syed

 

Shadizai

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.

Hurumzai

20%

 

 

 

Haidarzai

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.

Saranan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yasinzai

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alizai

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Achakzai

 

Hamidzai

1.

Pishin

10%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Barakzai

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: Interview with a Local Journalist

4.5 Displacement

A powerful earthquake in October 2008 had caused some smaller displacement of people in Pishin11.They had been resettled then and now there is no displacement reported in Pishin.

4.6 Reforms

There are no prospective reforms taking place for conflict resolution. However with the new government in Balochistan, the situation has improved in Pishin12.

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